ds视讯

王寿斌: “问题”切入: 高职院校教学“诊改”工作的推进策略

ZUOZHE: SHIJIAN: 2018-05-16 DIANJISHU:

2015NIAN5YUE,JIAOYUBUBANBU《GUANYUSHENRUTUIJINJIAOYUGUANBANPINGFENLICUJINZHENGFUZHINENGZHUANBIANDERUOGANYIJIAN》,BIAOZHIZHESHENHUAXUEXIAOGUANLIDEGAIGEJINRUYIGEXINDELISHISHIQI。“GUANBANPINGFENLI”JIANGXUEXIAO、XIAOZHANGTUIDAOLESHENHUAJIAOYUZONGHEGAIGEDEZUIQIANYAN,YINDAOXUEXIAOJIANSHE“YIFABANXUE、ZIZHUGUANLI、MINZHUJIANDU、SHEHUICANYU”DEXIANDAIXUEXIAOZHIDU,ZHILIYUXUEXIAONEIBUZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUA,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANBANXUEZHILIANGDEYOUXIAOTISHENG。DUIYUDUONIANLAIYIZHIXIGUANYUGUOFENYILAIXINGZHENGGUANLIDEGEJIGELEIXUEXIAOLAISHUO,ZAIZHENGFUYIFACHONGFENFUQUANZHIHOU,RUHECAINENGYONGHAOBANXUEZIZHUQUAN、ZHENZHENGSHIXIANZIZHUGUANLI,CHENGWEIFEICHANGXIANSHI、JIDAIYANJIUDEKETI。

2015NIAN6YUE,JIAOYUBUBANFA《JIAOYUBUBANGONGTINGGUANYUJIANLIZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUEGONGZUOZHENDUANYUGAIJINZHIDUDETONGZHI》(JIAOZHICHENGTING[2015]2HAO),TONGNIAN12YUEZAICIBANFA《GAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAONEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIZHENDUANYUGAIJINZHIDAOFANGAN(SHIXING)》(JIAOZHICHENGSIHAN[2015]168HAO)。ZHEILIANGGEZHONGYAOWENJIANLAKAILEZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUE“ZHENDUANYUGAIJIN”GONGZUODEXUMU,YOUGUOJIACENGMIANDESHIDIAN,ZHUBUXIANGSHENGJISHIDIANHEYUANXIAOQUANYUANCANYUTUIJIN,QUANMIANKAIQIZHIYEYUANXIAOLVXINGRENCAIPEIYANGGONGZUOZHILIANGBAOZHENGZHUTIZERENDEZHILIANGGUANLIXINSHIDAI。GENJUZHIDUSHEJICHUZHONG,TUIJINJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”GONGZUO,ZHIZAIYINDAOZHIYEYUANXIAOZHUBUWANSHANZHIYEJIAOYUNEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGZHIDUTIXI,JIANLICHANGTAIHUADEZIZHUBAOZHENGRENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANGDEJIZHI,QIESHITUIJINGAOZHIYUANXIAONEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIJIANSHEYOU“TAZHI”XIANG“ZIZHI”DEMUBIAOMAIJIN。ZUOWEI“PINGGU”GONGZUODEZHUANXINGYUCHUANGXIN,CIFANJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”GONGZUOMIANGUANGLIANGDA,JIQIANSHEDINGCENGSHEJI,YOUYILAIJICENGZHAGEN,TUIJINGONGZUONANDUHENDA,MIANLINDEXIANSHIWENTIHENDUO。NEIME,GUANGDAZHIYEYUANXIAORUHECAINENGQIESHIYOUXIAODITUIJIN“JIAOXUEZHENGAI”GONGZUO?JIYU“WENTIQIERU”DEJUCUOCHUANGXIN,HUONENGZHAODAOTUPO。

清醒梳理对于教学“诊改”工作的认识问题

ds视讯ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEYOUXIAOTUIJIN,XUYAOQUANXIAO“YIPANQI”,QUANYUANYITIAOXIN,RENSHITONGYI,MUBIAOYIZHI。RANER,CONGMUQIANGEDIGEXIAODETUIJINQINGKUANGKAN,QUEPUBIANCUNZAIRENSHIBUJINDAOWEIDEWENTI,QIEYINRENSHIZHIHOUHUOPIANPO,ZHIJIEDAOZHI“ZHENGAI”TUIJINGONGZUOSHOUZU、PAOPIAN。QINGXINGSHULIZHEIXIEBUDANGRENSHI,YOUZHUYU“ZHENGAI”GONGZUOZHASHIKAIZHAN。

(一)重形式轻内容

ds视讯JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”SHI“YIBASHOUGONGCHENG”,JIAOYUBUHEGESHENGJIAOYUTINGDUI“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODETUIJINDOUYOUFEICHANGMINGQUEDEYAOQIU。CONGMUQIANQINGKUANGKAN,JUEDADUOSHUYUANXIAODOUFEICHANGZHONGSHI,QIEYIXIANGJIQIDONGCIXIANGGONGZUO。DANYOUYUDUIJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”GONGZUOQUEFAZHENGQUEDERENSHI,BUSHAOXUEXIAOHAIZHISHIJIANGQIDANGZUOCHUANTONGDE“PINGGU”LAIKANDAI,YINERZAISIXIANGSHANGCUNZAI“DENG、KAO、YAO”XIANXIANG,DENGSHANGJI“ANPAI”、DENGBIEXIAO“MOBAN”;KAOZHUANJIAZHIDIAN、KAOJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENZHIHUI、KAO“PINGGU”JINGYANBEIDONGYINGFU;YAOLIYI、YAOZIZHU、YAOBIAOZHANG。YINCI,ZAIJUTIDESHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,BUFENYUANXIAOCUNZAIXUKUAFUZAOHEJIGONGJINLIWENTI,QIWANGYICIDONGYUANDAHUINENGGOUJIEJUESUOYOUWENTI,YIFENFANGANNANGKUOSUOYOU“XIANGMU”,XINGSHISHANGGAODEHONGHONGLIELIE,NEIRONGSHANGQUEFUYANLESHI。YOUXIEXUEXIAOSHENZHIBUGUGEBUMENHUOGETIAOXIAN“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODETUIJINSHIJI,YIDAOQIEDITONGYISHIJIAN“ZHUANDUAN”,DAZHANGQIGUDIQIDONGXIAYILUN“XUNHUAN”,SHIJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”FUYUWENZIYOUXIHEXINGSHIZHUYI。

(二)重条线轻全局

ds视讯JIAOYUBUWENJIANJIZHUANJIAJIEDUMINGQUEZHICHU,JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”DEDUIXIANGBUSHICHUANTONGYIYISHANGBAOKUOZHUANYEJIANSHE、ZHIDINGJIAOXUEJIHUA、BIANZHIRENCAIPEIYANGFANGAN、JIAOCAIJIANSHE、JIAOXUEGUANLI、JIAOXUEZHILIANGJIANKONG、JIAOSHIGUANLI、JIAOXUEYANJIU、JIAOXUESHESHIGUANLIDENGZAINEIDE“XIAOJIAOXUE”,ERSHIGUANGYISHANGDE“DAJIAOXUE”,BAOKUOXUEXIAOZUZHIDEYIQIEYOULIYUXUESHENGSHENXINFAZHAN、YOULIYUBAXUESHENGPEIYANGCHENGWEIJUYOUHEXINSUYANGDEJISHUJINENGXINGRENCAIDEHUODONG,RUXUEXIAOJIAOXUE、KEWAIHUODONG、LAODONG、JIANGZUO,XUESHENGJITIZUZHIDEWENTIHUODONG,SHEHUIGONGYIHUODONGDENG。SUOYI,JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”BUZHISHIJIAOXUETIAOXIAN、JIAOXUEXIAOZHANGHUOJIAOWUCHUZHANGDESHIQING,ERXUYAOJIAOZHIGONGQUANYUANCANYU,QUANXIAOTONGYIBUJU。

(三)重检查轻构建

SHOUCHUANTONGPINGGUSIWEIDEYINGXIANG,WEILIQIU“PINGSHENTONGGUO”,XUDUOXUEXIAOANZHAO“WUZONGWUHENG”DEYAOQIU,YIJISHENGJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENZAIJIAOYUBUWENJIANJICHUSHANGXIUDINGDE“ZHENDUANXIANGMU”、“ZHENDUANYAOSU”HE“ZHENDUANDIAN”,BIANZHIXINGSHIHUADEMOBANYIYINGFUJIANCHA,WANQUANBUKAOLVBENXIAOSHIJI,BUZHONGSHIGOUJIANJUYOUBENXIAOTESEDEZHIDUTIXI,YOUQIZAIXIBUZHIJIAN、ZHUANYEZHIJIANQUEFABIYAODEQUFENDU,JIEGUODAOZHIZHIDINGDEGUANLIWENJIANQIANPIANYILV,SUOYOUDEZHILIANGBIAOZHUNDATONGXIAOYI,HUOXUNENGGOUTONGGUO“JIANCHA”,DANQUEMEIYOUSHIJIJIAZHI,SHI“ZHENGAI”GONGZUOCHENGWEILAOMINGSHANGCAIDE“ZOUGUOCHANG”。

(四)重结果轻过程

“QUANYUANCANYU、QUANMIANFUGAI、QUANFANGWEIZHENGAI”SHIZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”DEJIBENYAOQIU,DANZAIJUTIZHIXINGGUOCHENGZHONGQUECHANGHUICHUXIANPIANCHA。BIRUSHUO,DUIMOUYIJIAOXUEGUANLIWENJIANDEXIUDING,WANGWANGJINYOUYIWEIJIAOWUYUANDUZIXIUDING,JINGJIAOWUCHUZHANGJIFENGUANXIAOZHANGQUERENZHIXING;DUIJIAOKEYANJINGFEIBAOXIAOLIUCHENGDEXIUDING,YEZHISHIYOUCAIWUBUMENXIAFAYIGEWENJIANLESHI,DENGDENG。QIGONGTONGDEBUZUZAIYUQUESHAOBIYAODEMINZHUTAOLUNGUOCHENG,XIUDINGHOUDENEIRONGWEIBIJIUSHIQUANYUANGONGSHI,QIEQUESHAODANGWEIHUI、JIAODAIHUIDENGCHENGXUQUEREN。CHUXIANCILEIWENTIDEGENYUANZAIYUZHANGQISHOUWAIBUPINGGUDEYINGXIANG,DAOZHIJIAOXUE“ZHENDUAN”GONGZUOTINGLIUZAIJIEGUOXINGXIUZHENG,ERDUIGUOCHENGXINGZHENDUANZHONGSHIBUGOU。ZHEIZHONGZHONGJIEGUOQINGGUOCHENGDE“ZHENGAI”ZUOFA,SHIDEJIAOSHIHEXUESHENGDOUNANYIFAHUIZHUTIZUOYONG,JINERYOUXIAODICANYUDAOZHENDUANGONGZUOZHIZHONG。

多方寻找“大教学”中客观存在的突出问题

JIAOXUEGONGZUO“ZHENDUANYUGAIJIN”DEQIDIANWUYIYINGDANGSHI“ZHENDUAN”。“ZHENDUAN”DEMUDEZAIYUZHAOCHU“WENTI”,YIQISHEFA“GAIJIN”GONGZUO。SUOYI,TUIJINJIAOXUE“ZHENDUANYUGAIJIN”LIDANGERQIEBIXUCONG“CHAZHAOWENTI”RUSHOU,ZHEISHIYI“WENTIQIERU”LAITUIJINZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEJIBENLUOJI。NEIME,“WENTI”CONGNALILAI?RUGUOPINGSHIBUSHIYOUXINREN,QUEFADUIJIAOYUDEQINGHUAIHEDUIXUEXIAODEREAI,dsSHIXUNWANGWANGSHIBUGUANYIKANBUDAO“WENTI”;ERRUGUOXINCUNJIAOLV、NEIXINQUESHAOBIYAODEZHENGNENGLIANG,dsSHIXUNYOUHUIJUEDEDAOCHUDOUYOU“WENTI”,SHENZHIYIJINGBUKEJIUYAO;ZAIZHE,YOUYURENSHINENGLIDEYUANYIN,YIJIGERENSUOCHUDEJIAOSEBUYIYANG,DUIYUTONGYANGDEXUEXIAO,BUTONGDELAOSHISUOKANDAODE“WENTI”YEGEBUXIANGTONG。SUOYISHUO,“CHAZHAOWENTI”DETUJINGHEFANGFAFEICHANGZHONGYAO,BIXUCHONGFENTIXIANQUANYUANCANYUDESIXIANG。YIBANLAIJIANG,DATIYOUYIXIASIZHONG:

(一)由实际印象产生

ds视讯SUHUASHUO,XIEZIHEBUHESHI,ZHIYOUJIAOZHIDAO。XUEXIAOCUNZAINAXIEWENTI,JIAOZHIGONGXINLIQINGQINGCHUCHU。PINGSHIGONGZUO、XUEXI、SHENGHUOZHONGDESHIJITIYAN,WANGWANGHUIYOUXUDUOBURURENYIDEDIFANG,ZHEIXIEWENTIHUOXUZAOYIXUJIZAIDAJIADEXINZHONGHENJIU,SUIRANFEICHANGXIANXING,DANQUEYINWEILANDEQUGUOWENERLINGQISHIERBUJIAN、SHUSHIWUDU。YINWEIZHEIXIEWENTIDEKEGUANCUNZAI,HUIRANGRENGANJUEDAOBUSHUFU、BUYUKUAI、BUYUANMAN,BUJINYINGXIANGLAOSHIDESHENGHUOZHILIANG,GENGYINGXIANG“DAJIAOXUE”DEZHILIANG。XIANRAN,ZHEIXIEDELAIQUANBUFEIGONGFUDE“WENTI”,YINGDANGLIEWEI“ZHENGAI”DEZHIJIEDUIXIANG。

(二)由数据分析产生

ds视讯GAOZHIYUANXIAODERENCAIPEIYANGZHUANGTAISHUJUCAIJIGONGZUOYIKAIZHANDUONIAN,QIZHONGYAOXINGHEMUDEXINGBUYANERYU。ZHEIXIEZHUANGTAISHUJUFEICHANGQUANMIAN、KEGUAN、JISHIDIFANYINGLEYISUOXUEXIAODEYUNXINGZHUANGKUANG,YOURUYIGERENDEJIANKANGDANGAN,DUIYUYINRENSHIZHI、DUIZHENGXIAYAOFEICHANGZHONGYAO。ZAI“ZHENGAI”TUIJINGUOCHENGZHONG,dsSHIXUNTEBIEXUYAOZHONGSHIFENXIZHEIXIEBANXUEDE“DASHUJU”,CONGSHUJUZHONGBUZHUOJIYU,YECONGSHUJUZHONGFAXIANWENTI,TONGGUOFENXISHUJUZHIJIANDENEIZAIGUANLIAN,ZHAOCHUWENTIJICHENGYIN。XUYAOTIXINGDESHI,“SHUJU”SHI“WENTI”DEYUANTOU,RUGUOSHUJUBUNENGBAOCHIZHENSHI,QIDUIYINGDE“WENTI”YEHUISHIZHEN,“GAIJIN”YEJIUSHIQULEYIYI,SHENZHISHIDEQIFAN,BEIDAOERCHI。

(三)由专题讨论产生

YISUOXUEXIAO,JICUNZAIXUDUOXIZHIMOJIEDEXIAOWENTI,GENGHUICUNZAIXUDUOSHIGUANXUEXIAOSHIYEFAZHAN、JIAOYULINIANDENGDADEWENTI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOZUZHIZHUANTITAOLUNCAINENGMINGSHIFEI、ZHIQINGZHONG、BIANFANGXIANG。BIRUSHUO,XUEXIAOZAIZHUNBEI“SHENGBEN”YUSHENBAO“YOUZHIXUEXIAO”ZHIJIANRUHEZUOCHUJUEZE,JIUZHIJIEGUANXIDAOXUEXIAODEWEILAIFAZHANZOUXIANG,JIUBIXUYOUJIAOZHIGONGJITITAOLUNQUEDING。QITAZHURUXINXIAOQUJIANSHE、GUFENZHIBANXUE、DONGSHIHUICHENGLI、RENCAIPEIYANGFANGANXIUDING、ZHUANYESHEZHIDIAOZHENGDENGZHONGDAWENTI,YEDOUBUKENENGYOUXUEXIAOLINGDAOPAINAODAIJUEDING,BIXUZOUQUNZHONGLUXIAN,SHIXINGMINZHUJUECE。

(四)由公开征集产生

ds视讯MIANXIANGQUANXIAOJIAOZHIGONGDEGONGKAIZHENGJI,JUYOUFUGAIFANWEIGUANG、YIJIANZHENGJIQUAN、WENTILAIYUANZHENDETEDIAN,GENGRONGYICHENGWEIJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”DE“WENTI”YOUTOU。DUIYUQIANSHEDAOXUESHENGXUEXI、SHENGHUODEWENTI,HAIXUYAOMIANXIANGXUESHENGZHENGJI;DUIYUSHIGUANXIAOQIHEZUO、SHEHUIXIAOYIDENGDEWENTI,GENGYOUBIYAOMIANXIANGQIYE(YONGRENDANWEI)HEQUANSHEHUIZHENGJI,ZHIYOUGUANGFANSHOUJILECUNZAIDEWENTI,CAINENGWEIYOUXIAO“GAIJIN”CHUANGZAOLIANGHAOTIAOJIAN。DUIDAIGONGKAIZHENGJIDEWENTI,YIDINGYAORENZHENSHULIHENAIXINHUIFU,YIZUNZHONGHEBAOHUBEIZHENGJIRENDEJIJIXING,ZHEISHIXUEXIAO“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEDAOGUANGFANZHICHIDEQUNZHONGJICHU。

三、扎实推进“诊改”以有效解决办学根本问题

ds视讯ZHENGQUERENSHIJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”,DUOFANGSHOUJICUNZAI“WENTI”,ZHISHI“ZHENDUANYUGAIJIN”DEQIANQIGONGZUO。RUGUO“ZHEN”ERBU“GAI”,ZERUBINGRENZUOLECTJIANCHA,QUEBUKANYISHENG、BUCHIYAO,WANQUANSHIHAOWUYIYIXIAZHETENG。SUOYI,JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”DEGUANJIANHUANJIEZAIYUJIAOTASHIDIDIYOUXIAOTUIJIN“ZHENGAI”GONGZUO,YIWUSHIJIEJUEGENBENWENTI。2017NIAN6YUE13RI,ZHEJIANGSHENGJIAOYUTINGJUBANQUANSHENGZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUEZHENDUANYUGAIJINGONGZUODIERQIPEIXUNHUI,BIZHEYINGYAOZUOTIWEI《ZHIYEYUANXIAOTUIJIN“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODESIKAOYUSHIJIAN》DEZHUANTIJIANGZUO。BAOGAOZHONG,BIZHEJIEHEZIJIZAIQUANGUO“ZHENGAIGONGZUOXUESHUYANTAOHUI”SHANGDEFAYAN,GENJUBENXIAOSHIDIANJINGYAN,TICHUZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”GONGZUOTUIJINDE“SHIBUGONGLVE”,DEDAOYUHUIXIAOZHANGMENDEPUBIANRENKE。

(一)成立一个“诊改”工作领导小组

ds视讯JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”GONGZUO“LINGDAOXIAOZU”DEZUOYONGJUZUQINGZHONG。ZHEIYILINGDAOXIAOZUBUTONGYUPINGSHIXUDUOZHIZHONGXINGSHIBUQIANGDIAOZERENDEZUZHIMINGDAN,ERSHIYIZHONGSHIZHIXINGDEZUZHIJIAGOU,YAOCHONGFENTIXIAN“DANGWEILINGDAO,XIAOZHANGZHIHUI”DEZHIZEFENGONG,YOUXUEXIAOYIBASHOUXIAOZHANGRENZUZHANG,JIAOXUEFUXIAOZHANGRENCHANGWUFUZUZHANG,QITATIAOXIANFENGUANLINGDAORENFUZUZHANG,FENBIEFUZE“ZHENGAI”GUOCHENGZHONGDEGUANLITIXIGOUJIAN、ZIYUANBAOZHANG、JISHUYANFADENGPEITAOGONGZUO,SUOYOUCHENGYUANFENGONGDAOWEI、ZERENMINGQUE。

(二)明确一个专职部门“诊改办”

ZHIYEYUANXIAOKAIZHAN“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEZHUYAOMUDEZAIYU,ANZHAO“GUANBANPING”FENLIDEYAOQIU,CHONGFENFAHUIXUEXIAOZHILIANGBAOZHENGDEZHUTIZUOYONG,LUOSHIZHUTIZEREN,JIAKUAIJIANQUANXUEXIAOZIZHUFAZHAN、ZIWOYUESHUDEYUNXINGJIZHI,WANSHANXUEXIAONEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXI,XINGCHENGCHANGTAIHUADECHIXUTIGAORENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANGDEJIZHI。ERJIWEICHANGTAIHUADEGONGZUO,FUZECIXIANGGONGZUOTONGCHOUDEZHINENGBUMEN——“ZHENGAIBAN”JIUYINGDANGSHIXUEXIAODEZHONGCENGCHANGSHEJIGOU,ERBUTONGYUYIWANGDELINSHIJIGOU“YINGPINGBAN”、“SHIFANBAN”,YEBUTONGYUXUEXIAOZHUANSHEDEDUDAOSHI、JIWEI、ZHILIANGBAN。“ZHENGAIBAN”SHIQUANMIANFUZEXUEXIAO“JIANKANGTIJIAN”、“CHANGGUITIJIAN”DEZHONGCENGZHINENGBUMEN。

(三)选好一个“诊改办主任”

ds视讯JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”DEDUIXIANGBUZHISHICHUANTONGYIYISHANGDE“XIAOJIAOXUE”,ERSHIZHIBAOHANJIAOYUYUJIAOXUEZAINEIDE“DAJIAOXUE”。SUOYI,“ZHENGAIBANZHUREN”ZERENZHONGDA,RENXUANQUEDINGZHIGUANZHONGYAO,BIXUYAOYOUZAIQUANXIAOXINGSHIHUAYUQUANDEZILI,YOUJIAOQIANGDEXIEDIAONENGLIHEXUEXILI,YAOYOUXIANGZUOSHINENGZUOSHIDEQINGHUAIHEDONGLI,YOUNENGGOUDADAOKUOFUKAIZHANGONGZUODEZHUJIANHEPOLI,CIWAI,HAIYAODUIDIANNAOYINGYONGHEXINXIJISHUYOUJIAOWEIZHASHIDEJICHU,YOUXIAOSHINENGZUOZHU、DASHIDUOHUIBAODEGUANLISUYANG。

(四)做好一份校内宣讲PPT

MUQIAN,GUANYUTUIJIE“ZHENGAI”DEZHUANJIAJIANGZUO,QUANGUO“ZHIYEJIAOYUZHENGAIWANG”SHANGYIJINGYOUXUDUOGONGXIANG,CONG“ZHENGAI”ZHENGCEJIEDUDAO“ZHENGAI”FANGANSHEJIFUDAO,CONGHONGGUANDERENSHITIGAODAOSHUJUCAIJIYUPINGTAIYOUHUA、XINXIHUAXIAOYUANJIANSHE、XUEXIAOSHIYEFAZHANGUIHUAYANZHI、NEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIGOUJIANDENGZIXIANGZHUANTI,KEWEIYINGYOUJINYOU,DANSHI,ZHANZAIXUEXIAOXIAOZHANGDEJIAODU,CANJIAWANGEJIFUDAOYIHOU,HUIDAOXUEXIAODEDIYIJIANDASHIBIRANSHIXIANGJIAOZHIGONGZHAOKAI“ZHENGAI”DONGYUANHUI,ERZHEIGEDONGYUANHUISHANGDEXUANJIANGPPT,BUKENENGSHIZHONGFUXUANDUSHANGJIWENJIAN,YEBUKENENGSHIZHUANSHUZHUANJIABAOGAO,ERYINGSHIZHANZAIXIAOZHANGDEJIAODU,MIANXIANGXUEXIAO,YINDAOYUANGONG,LIZUBUSHU,DUIGELEIGUANYU“ZHENGAI”DESUOYOUXINXIJINXING“ERCIZHENGHEKAIFA”,JIEHEXIAOQINGJINXING“BENTUHUA”DEZHONGXINBEIKE,RANHOUYONGTONGSUYIDONGDEYUYANXIANGJIAOZHIGONGJINXINGXUANCHUANDONGYUAN。

(五)开好一次领导班子会

WEILEQUEBAO“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEYOUXIAOKAIZHAN,JIANXING“ZHENGAI”ZONGZHI,JIUBIXUCONGXUEXIAOMUBIAOGUANLIKAISHI,JINXINGDINGCENGSHEJI,CENGCENGFENJIE,LUOSHIDAOWEI,ZUIZHONGXINGCHENG“QUANYUAN、QUANCHENG、QUANFANGWEI”DEZHILIANGWENHUA。GUANLIXUEZHONGDE“NENGJIGUANLI”LILUNRENWEI,ZAIYISUOXUEXIAO,XIAOZHANGFUZECHUSIXIANG,FUXIAOZHANGCHUSILU,ZHONGCENGBUMENDINGJUCUO,JUTIZERENRENZHUALUOSHI。SUOYI,ZAI“ZHENGAI”GONGZUOQIDONGZHIQIANKAIHAOLINGDAOBANZIHUIFEICHANGZHONGYAO。HUIYIYOUXIAOZHANGZHUCHI,CANHUIRENYUANTIQIANBEIHUI,QUEBAOHUIYIKAIDETUANJIE、YOUXIAO、JUECEKEXUE。HUIYIDEZHUYAORENWU,BIXUCONGYUANTOUSHANGRENZHENXUEXIJIAOYUBUDELIANGGE“ZHENGAI”WENJIAN,TAOLUNXUEXIAODEPEIYANGMUBIAO、BANXUEDINGWEI、FAZHANFANGXIANG,LIQINGZHENGYI,TONGYIRENSHI。

(六)制定一份事业发展规划

“ZHENGAI”DESHIZHI,JIUSHIYONGJINGYIQIUJINGDE“GONGJIANGJINGSHEN”QUJINGXINDAMOYISUOXUEXIAO。XUEXIAOXUYAO“DAMO”CHENGSHENMEMOYANG,XIAOJILINGDAOBIXUXIONGHUAIQUANJU,MEIYIGEJIAOZHIYUANGONGYEYINGZUODAOXINZHONGYOUSHU。SHIGUIMOWENZHONGYOUSHENG、ZHUANYEJIEGOUYOUHUA、BANXUEHUOLIZENGQIANG,HAISHIZHILINENGLITISHENGMUBIAOJUJIAO、ZHILIANGBAOZHENGDAOWEI、HEXINZHIBIAOXIANJIN,DOUBIXUJINGZHUNSHULI。ERZHIYOURENSHITONGYI,CAIYOUKENENG“ZHENGAI”DAOWEI、ZHUOYOUCHENGXIAO。SUOYI,XUEXIAOSHOUXIANYAOJIZHONGJINGLI、JUJINGHUISHENDIZUOHAO“SHISANWU”SHIYEFAZHANGUIHUADEZHIDINGGONGZUO,BAOKUOBANXUEMUBIAO、DINGWEI、FANGXIANG、MOSHI、GUIMO、SHIZI、ZHUANYE、PINGTAI、SHUJUKUDENGDENG,ZHEISHIXUEXIAO“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEZHINANZHENHEZUOZHANTU。

(七)搭好一个综合管理平台

“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEZHONGYAOMUBIAOSHICHONGFENFAHUIJIAOYUJIAOXUEGUANLI“DASHUJU”DEZUOYONG,CUJINZHIHUIXIAOYUAN、XINXIHUAXIAOYUANDEJIANSHE,ERMUQIANZHIYEYUANXIAOQUEPUBIANCUNZAIJIAOXUE、XUEGONG、RENSHI、KEYAN、DANGWU、CAIWUDENGGUANLIXITONGXIANGHUDULIDEXIANXIANG,XINXIGUDAODEGUANGFANCUNZAI,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGGUANLIGONGZUOXIANGXINXIHUA、ZHINENGHUAFANGXIANGFAZHAN,YINGXIANGBANXUESHUIPINGHERENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANGTIGAO。SUOYI,GEXIAOYINGJIE“ZHENGAI”DONGFENG,ZHELIZHENGHEGEZIWEIZHENGDEGUANLIXITONGZIYUAN,JIJIDAJIANYITIHUA、GAOJICHENGDEGUANLIPINGTAI。

(八)导出一套真实的人才培养状态数据

GUANLIPINGTAIDEZUIDAZUOYONGZAIYUSHENGCHAN“DASHUJU”,ERZHEIXIESHUJUSHI“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEGENBENHEYIJU。HAOWUYIWEN,YAOXIANG“ZHENGAI”GONGZUOYOUZHILIANG,ZHEIXIESHUJUBIXUZHENSHI、YOUXIAO。YINCI,GAODUZHONGSHIRENCAIPEIYANGZHUANGTAISHUJUDECAIJIGONGZUO,YILAIJINGGANTUANDUILILIANGBAOZHENG“DASHUJU”ZHENSHI、QUANMIAN、SHISHI、DONGTAI,XIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO。dsSHIXUNJIYAOFANGZHIGEBUMENZHIJIANYINGONGZUOXIEDIAOBUTONGCHANGCHANSHENG“WEISHUJU”、YINRENSHIBUDAOWEIERRENWEIBIANZAO“JIASHUJU”、YINJISHUBUGUOGUAN、YEWUBUSHULIAN,DAOZHISHUJUCAIJIZHIHUISHIWUERTONGJICHU“CUOWUSHUJU”,GENGYAODUJUETANTU“SHENGSHI”GUQINGDISANFANGGONGSIZUO“MEITU”,KEYIZHIZAO“PIAOLIANGSHUJU”。

(九)培养一名(批)校内“诊改”专家

“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEGUOCHENGZAIYUBUDUANFAXIANWENTIBINGCHIXUGAIJIN。“GAI”DEHAODEQIANTISHI“ZHEN”DEZHUN,SUOYI,“ZHEN”BI“GAI”GENGWEIZHONGYAO。DAODIYOUSHEILAI“ZHEN”?DANGRANBUNENGYILAIXIAOZHANGYIREN,ERBIXUYIKAOGUANLITUANDUIDESUOYOUCHENGYUAN。YINCI,PEIYANGYIPIXIAONEI“ZHENGAI”ZHUANJIASHIFENBIYAO,ZHEIXIEZHUANJIAXIANGDANGYUYIYUANDE“QUANKEYISHENG”,JUYOUJIAOWEIGUANGFANDENENGLIHEZONGHESUYANG,TAMENYAONENGKANDEDONGSHUJU、“WANGDEDAOYUANFANG”、ZHAODECHUWENTI、TIDECHUJIANYI,JILEJIEZHIJIAOGUILV,YOUJUBEIJIAOYUQINGHUAI,NENGGOUTOUGUOFENFANFUZADESHUJU,JIEHEBENBUMENHUOQUANXIAOGONGZUO,FAXIANWENTIZHAOCHUYUANYIN,RANHOUGENJUZIJIDEGONGZUOJINGYANJICHUXIUZHENGYIJIAN,YIZHIDAO“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODETUIJIN。

(十)编制一份“诊改”工作实施方案

ds视讯HAOWUYIWEN,“ZHENGAI”FANGANSHI“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODESHIGONGTUHELIANGBIAOCHI。ZHENGAIFANGANDEZHILIANGZHIJIEGUANXIDAO“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODETUIJINSUDU、SHIGONGZHILIANGHEZUIZHONGJIXIAO。ZHENGAIFANGANCHUMINGQUEZHENGAIMUBIAO、JIANQUANZUZHIJIAGOUDENGZHIWAI,HAIYINGZHEZHONGKAOLVRUHEKAIZHANQIANQIDIAOYAN、JUJIAONAXIELINGYU(TIAOXIANHUOXIANGMU)、YOUHEJUTICUOSHI(HANSHIJIANBIAO、LUXIANTU、ZERENREN)、RUHEJINXINGPINGJIA(HANGUOCHENGJIANKONGYUZUIZHONGJIXIAOKAOPINGDENG)。ZHENGAIFANGANDEQUEDING,ZHIBIAOZHIZHE“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEKAISHI,ERBUSHI“ZHENGAI”DEZHONGJI。DANGQIAN,BUFENSHENGSHIHEXUEXIAOCUNZAICUIJIAOFANGAN、QINGDIANFANGAN、FENGCUNFANGANYIZHANGXIANWANCHENG“RENWU”,ERPUBIANSHUYU“MOUFANGAN”、“MOFANGAN”DEXIANXIANG,JIXUYINQIZHONGSHIHEJISHIJIUZHENG。

CHENGRAN,SHANGSHU“SHIBUGONGLVE”BINGFEIZHIYEYUANXIAO“ZHENGAI”GONGZUODEBIAOZHUNMOBAN,ERZHISHIYUNHANXINGSHIGUILVHEGONGZUOLUOJIDEZHIDAOYIJIAN。“SHIBU”JISHIZHENGAINEIRONGDEMINGQUE,YOUSHISHISHIBUZHOUDEPAIXU。ZHIDINGFANGANZHISUOYIWEILIEDISHI,GAIYINWANCHENGFANGANDEZHIDINGBINGBUSHI“ZHENGAI”DEZUIZHONGMUDE,ERYONGXINYANTAORUHEZHIDINGFANGANQUESHIYIGEFEICHANGZHONGYAODE“ZHENGAI”GUOCHENG。GENJUSHIJIGONGZUODEXUYAO,ZHENGAIFANGANKEYIDONGTAIDIAOZHENG,ER“SHIBU”YEKEYIJIAOCHAJINXING,QIE“SHIBU”ZHIZHONGHAIYOUXUDUO“XIAOBU”,GAIDANGJUTIWENTIJUTIFENXI,YINGXUERDONG,SHUNSHIERWEI。

关于“问题”切入与“诊改”推进的认识与思考

SHOUXIANZHAOCHU“WENTI”,FENXIWENTICUNZAIDEGENYUAN,RANHOUSHEFAQUJIEJUEWENTI,ZHEISHITUIJINZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”ZUIJIANDANDEGONGZUOLUOJI。DANZAISHIJICAOZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,SHANGYOUXUDUOJIYUXIANSHIHEGETIDESIBIANXUYAOdsSHIXUNQUTONGYIRENSHI。

(一)“问题”与“特色”

SUHUASHUO,RENWUWANREN,JINWUZUCHI。MEIGEXUEXIAODOUHUIHUODUOHUOSHAODICUNZAIZHEIYANGNEIYANGDEWENTI,DUIYUBANXUEJICHUJIAOCHA、WENTIJIAODUODEXUEXIAOLAISHUO,“ZHENGAI”SHIYICIJIHAODETISHENGPINZHIDEJIHUI。ERDUIYUBANXUEXINYUHAO、GUANLISHUIPINGGAODEXUEXIAOLAISHUO,ZEMEIYOUBIYAO“WEIFUXINCIQIANGSHUOCHOU”,WANQUANKEYIZAIYOUXIANJIEJUEXIANYOUWENTIDEJICHUSHANG,JIZHONGJINGLISHULI“YOUDIAN”、ZONGJIETESE,TONGGUOQUANLI“YANGZHANG”JINERSHIXIANYOUXIAO“BIDUAN”,YIYONGZHENGQUEDEZUOFA,BIMIANCUOWUDECHANSHENG,TONGSHIYUFANGYIHOUYOUKENENGCHUXIANDEZHURURENGONGZHINENGCHONGJIZHIYEJIAOYUERDAILAIDE“WEILAIWENTI”。

(二)“诊断”与“改进”

“ZHENGAI”DEGONGZUOZHONGXINHEZHONGJIMUBIAODOUZAIYU“GAIJIN”。YAOXIANGYOUXIAOGAIJIN,JIUYAODUIWENTIYOUBIJIAOQUANMIANDERENSHI,NONGQINGGELEIWENTIZHIJIANDEGUANLIAN,YAOBIAOBENJIANZHI,ERBUNENGTOUTENGYITOU,JIAOTENGYIJIAO,ZHIZHIBIAOBUZHIBEN。BIRUSHUO,XUEXIAODEJIAOKEYANGONGZUOCHENGJIPINGPING,dsSHIXUNXUYAOLIANXIANGDAOJIANGLIZHIDUDAOXIANG、SHIZIDUIWUJIANSHE,SHENZHIKESHIBILISHEDING、KEYANPINGTAIJIAGOUDENGFANGFANGMIANMIANDEYINSU,JINERYOUDEFANGSHIDIQUZONGHEGAIJIN。

(三)“诊改”与“循环”

ds视讯“WENTI”DE“ZHENGAI”DOUYOUFANFUXINGHEWANGUXING,BUKENENGYICUERJIU、YILAOYONGYI。“ZHENGAI”DEMUDEZAIYUCUSHIGAOZHIYUANXIAOZAIXUEXIAO、ZHUANYE、KECHENG、JIAOSHI、XUESHENGBUTONGCENGMIAN,JIANLIQIWANZHENGQIEXIANGDUIDULIDEZIWOZHILIANGBAOZHENGJIZHI。WEILEYOUXIAOJIANLIBINGJIHUOZHEIZHONGJIZHI,JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUTEBIESHEDINGLEDUI“8ZIXINGZHILIANGGAIJINLUOXUAN”(JIANCHENG“8ZILUOXUAN”)DEPEIYUYAOQIU。“8ZILUOXUAN”YOUJINGTAIHEDONGTAILIANGGELUOXUANDIEJIAERCHENG,JIZHONGSHIDUI“WANCHENGSHI”ZHENGAI,YEZHONGSHIDUI“JINXINGSHI”ZHENGAI,GONGTONGCUJINRENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANGCHENGLUOXUANSHISHANGSHENG。

(四)“纠错”与“预防”

CONGGONGZUOJILISHANGJIANG,JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”SHUYU“SHIHOUJIUPIAN”,TASHIGUOJIAZHENDUIXIANYOUZHIJIAOBANXUEZHUANGKUANGSUOZUODETEBIEJUCUO。YANXIADEQUANLITUIJIN“ZHENGAI”,SHIYAOBANGZHUXUEXIAOYANGCHENGZIWOZHENDUANYUCHIXUGAIJINDEXIGUAN,JINTIANZHI“ZHENGAI”SHIWEILEMINGTIANBUXUYAO“ZHENGAI”。ZHEIJIULINGdsSHIXUNRENSHIDAOZAIZHIYEYUANXIAOTUIXINGISO9001ZHILIANGGUANLITIXIRENZHENGDEBIYAO。“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUDEZHIDING,SHIYINWEIdsSHIXUNYIJINGYOULEWENTI,XUYAOTONGGUO“ZHENDUAN”ZHAOCHULAI,RANHOUDUIZHENGXIAYAODIJINXINGGAIJIN,SHIBUDEYIERWEIZHI;ERISOGUANBIAOZESHIZHONGZAIYUFANG,TONGGUOGUIFANDEZHIDULAIBAOZHENGSHAOCHUCHACUO,WEIHUHETIGAOZHILIANG。SUOYI,dsSHIXUNYAOZAIJIJITUIJIN“ZHENGAI”DETONGSHI,BAISODEDAORUZUOWEIYIXIANGZHONGYAONEIRONGLAIZUO。

(五)“特办”与“民主”

JIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”DESHIJIANJINGYANGAOSUdsSHIXUN,XUDUO“WENTI”DECHANSHENGHECHIXUCUNZAIDOUYUZHIDUYOUGUAN,SUOYI,SHISHIXIUDINGZHIDUCHENGWEITUIJIN“ZHENGAI”DEZHONGYAONEIRONGZHIYI。YOUYUCHUANTONGDEGONGZUOXIGUAN,JIAZHI“ZHENGAI”DAHUANJINGXIADE“TESHITEBAN”,XUDUOXUEXIAOZAIZHIDUDEXIUDINGYUZHIXINGFANGMIANCUNZAIJIAODADESUIYIXING,MEIYOUTONGGUOJIAODAIHUIDEXINGSHILAIJINXINGGUHUA,BUFUHEFADINGCHENGXU,ZHEIBENSHENJIUSHIXUYAO“ZHENGAI”DEGUANLIWENTI,JIXUZHONGSHIGENGZHENG。FOUZE,“ZHENGAI”JIURONGYIBIANCHENGSUIXINGERWEIDE“YUNDONGSHI”ZHETENG,BUNENGCONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUEWENTI。

五、结语

ZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”DEMUBIAOZHIZAIJIANLIWANSHANDENEIBUZHIBAOTIXIHECHANGTAIHUADEZIWO“ZHENGAI”ZHIDU,YICUJINYUANXIAONEIBUZHILIANGSHIXIANZIWOBAOZHENG。ZHILIANGYUANYUSHENGCHAN,XUEXIAO、ZHUANYE、KECHENG、JIAOSHI(YUANGONG)、XUESHENGSHIYUANXIAOZHILIANGSHENGCUNDEWUDAZHUTI,LIZUWUDAZHUTIXUNQIUZHILIANGSHENGCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGDEGEZHONG“WENTI”,ZAIZAIJUECEZHIHUI、ZIYUANJIANSHE、ZHILIANGSHENGCHENG、ZHICHIFUWU、JIANDUKONGZHIWUDAXITONGDEYUNXINGHUANJIEXUNQIUJIEJUE“WENTI”DEGAIJINDUICE,SHIZHIYEYUANXIAOYOUXIAOTUIJINJIAOXUE“ZHENGAI”DEWUSHIJUCUO。QIZHONG,YUANXIAO“WENTIYISHI”PEIYANGHEFAXIAN“WENTI”NENGLIDETISHENG,SHI“WENTIQIERU”SHI“ZHENGAI”TUIJINDEQIANTIHEJICHU。

ds视讯ZUOZHE: WANGSHOUBIN,XISUZHOUGONGYEYUANQUZHIYEJISHUXUEYUANDANGWEIFUSHUJI,JIANZHEJIANGYONGJIAXUEYUANFUYUANZHANG。

来源:ds视讯

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