ds视讯

姚原野: 高职院校“诊改”制度建设引导管理变革

ds视讯ZUOZHE: SHIJIAN: 2018-10-08 DIANJISHU:

2015NIAN6YUE,JIAOYUBUFABULEGUANYUJIANLIZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUEGONGZUOZHENDUANYUGAIJINZHIDUDETONGZHI,YAOQIUZHUBUZAIQUANGUOZHIYEYUANXIAOTUIJINJIANLIJIAOXUEGONGZUOZHENDUANYUGAIJINZHIDU(YIXIAJIANCHENG“ZHENGAI”ZHIDU),BINGQUANMIANKAIZHANJIAOXUEZHENDUANYUGAIJINGONGZUO。SUIHOU,YOUFABULE《GAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAONEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIZHENDUANYUGAIJINZHIDAOFANGAN》(SHIXING),HEXINZHIDAOSIXIANGSHIYINDAOGAOZHIYUANXIAOQIESHILVXINGRENCAIPEIYANGGONGZUOZHILIANGBAOZHENGZHUTIDEZEREN,JIANLICHANGTAIHUADENEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIHEKECHIXUDEZHENDUANYUGAIJINGONGZUOJIZHI,BUDUANTIGAORENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANG。TONGSHIZAIQUANGUOGAOZHIYUANXIAOZHONGLINXUANLE27SUOSHIDIANYUANXIAO,KAIZHANSHIDIAN。

JIANLIZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUEGONGZUOZHENDUANYUGAIJINZHIDUSHIZHIYEYUANXIAOGUANLIZHONGDEXINSHENGSHIWU,GENGDUOGUANZHUDESHIJIAOYUZHILIANGWENTI,QIANGDIAODESHIZIZHUXINGHECHANGTAIHUA。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUGAOZHIYUANXIAOZAIGUANLILINIAN、GUANLITIZHI、GUANLISHOUDUANDENGFANGMIANJINXINGBIANGE,SHIYINGZHENDUANYUGAIJINGONGZUOJIZHIYUNXINGDEYAOQIU。GAOZHIYUANXIAORUHEJINXINGGUANLIBIANGEYIJIMIANLINDEZUIDAWENTIDOUSHIdsSHIXUNXUYAOCHULIHEJIEJUEDE。

ds视讯ZHUMINGGUANLIXUEJIAWilfriedKrügerTICHUDE“BIANGEGUANLIBINGSHAN”LILUNZHICHU,RUGUOBABIANGEXINGRONGWEIYIZUOBINGSHAN,LUCHUSHUIMIANDE,SHIBIANGEDECHENGBEN、ZHILIANG、SHIJIANDENG,CHULIZHEIXIEYITIDENENGLIHENZHONGYAO,DANJINJINSHIBINGSHANYIJIAO;CHAOGUO90%、QIANFUZAISHUIMIANXIADE,SHIDUIBIANGECHIYOUBUTONGTAIDUDECHENGYUAN。BIANGEGUANLISHIYIXIANGZHANGQIDERENWUHETIAOZHAN,BINGSHANDINGCENGDEWENTIGUANLI,ZHIYOUYUBINGSHANDICENGGUANLIBAOCHIYIZHI,CAIYOUKENENGDACHENGYUQICHENGXIAO。BINGSHANDICENGSHIBIANGEGUANLIDEJICHU,ZUZHIGEXINDECHENGGONG,WANGWANGBUSHILAIZIZHIDU、LIUCHENGDENG“YINGJIAN”DEGAIBIAN,ERSHILAIZICHENGYUANJIAZHIGUAN、QINGXU、XINGWEIDENG“RUANJIAN”DEZHONGSU。GENJU“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHEDEMUBIAORENWU,BENWENQIANTANGAOZHIYUANXIAOKAIZHANGUANLIBIANGEXUYAOGUANZHUDEWENTI。

管理理念变革

ZAITONGCHANGDEGUANLIHUODONGZHONG,GUANLIZHEJIUSHISHISHIGUANLIHUODONGNEIRONGDEZHUDAOZHE;BEIGUANLIZHESHIGUANLIZHESHISHIGUANLIHUODONGDEBEIDONGJIESHOUZHE,YIHUOSHUOSHISHISHIGUANLIHUODONGDEZHIXINGZHE。ZAISHIJIGONGZUOZHONG,GUANLIZHEYAOQIUBEIGUANLIZHEYAOFUCONGGUANLI、DUIGUANLIZHEFUZE,ZHEIYEJIUZAOCHENGLEYIZHONGGUANLISIWEIDINGSHI,JIXIANGXIAGUANLI,XIANGSHANGFUZE。RUGUOWENDAJIA,NIXIANGSHEIFUZE,DEDAODEDAFUYIDINGSHI,dsSHIXUNXIANGLINGDAOFUZE;WENDAJIA,NIGUANLISHEI,NEIMEJIEGUOYEYIDINGSHIWOGUANLIXIASHU。ZHEIZHONGGUANLISIWEIDINGSHIJIUDAOZHILEZAIGUANLIZHEJINXINGGUANLISHI,BEIGUANLIZHEZAIBULIJIEHEJIESHOUGUANLIZHEDEGUANLIYAOQIUSHI,QUEFAJIJIXINGHEZHUDONGXING。ZHUMINGGUANLIXUEJIAJIEKE·WEIERQIDEZHUSHOULUOSAINA·BODESIJITICHULE“XIANGSHANGGUANLI”DEGAINIAN,ZHICHUGUANLIXUYAOZIYUAN,ZIYUANDEFENPEIQUANLIZAIGUANLIZHESHOUSHANG。DANGBEIGUANLIZHEGONGZUODEKAIZHANXUYAOHUODEZIYOUZIYUANSHI,JIUXUYAODUIGUANLIZHEJINXINGGUANLI,YEJIUSHIBEIGUANLIZHEYAOCHONGFENYUGUANLIZHEGOUTONG,YIYINGDEGUANLIZHEDEZIYUANZHICHI。RUGUOYINGDEGUANLIZHEDEZIYUANZHICHI,BEIGUANLIZHEDEGONGZUOZHUDONGXINGHEJIJIXINGJIUHUIBEICHONGFENDIAODONGQILAI。YINCI,ZHENGQUEDEGUANLISIWEIDINGSHIYINGGAISHI: XIANGXIAFUZE,XIANGSHANGGUANLI。“XIANGSHANGGUANLI”JIUSHIGUANLIZHEYAOJIANLILIANGHAODEGONGZUOGUANXI,CHONGFENDIAODONGBEIGUANLIZHEGONGZUODEJIJIXINGHEZHUDONGXING,YINDAOBEIGUANLIZHEZHUDONGYUGUANLIZHEGOUTONGGONGZUOSILUHEDASUAN,YIBIANYUJIYUBEIGUANLIZHEDEGELEIZIYUANDEZHICHI。“XIANGXIAFUZE”JIUSHIYAOQIUGUANLIZHEYAOJIBEIGUANLIZHETIGONGGONGZUOSHIZHANDEPINGTAI,WEIBEIGUANLIZHEDECHENGZHANGFAZHANTIGONGJIHUI,DUIBEIGUANLIZHEDEGONGZUOJIEGUONENGGOUCHENGDANZEREN。

ds视讯“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHEMINGQUEZHICHU,ZHIYEYUANXIAOSHILVXINGRENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANGDEZHUTIZEREN,QIANGDIAOZIWOGAIJINHETISHENG。JIANERYANZHI,“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHEBUSHIKAOWAIBULILIANG,YEBUSHIPINGGUHEPINGJIA,ERSHIXUEXIAOZIFADEYIZHONGGUANLILINIANHEXINGWEI。TONGGUO“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHE,YINDAOZHIYEYUANXIAOZHENZHENGBA“SHISHIYOURENGUAN,QUANCHENGYOURENGUAN,RENRENDOUSHIGUANLIZHE”DEQUANMIANGUANLILINIANLUODAOSHICHU。YINCI,“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHESHIQUANXIAOXINGDE、QUANYUANXINGDE,XUEXIAOJIAOYUZHILIANGDEBAOZHENG,XUYAOXUEXIAOBAGUANLIZHILIANGZERENLUOSHIDAOMEIYIXIANGGONGZUO、MEIYIGEHUANJIEHEMEIYIGEREN。YIZHAO“BIANGEGUANLIBINGSHAN”LILUN,GUANLIBIANGEZUIDADEZHANGAIZAIYUJICENG、ZAIYUJIAOZHIYUANGONG。GUANLIBIANGESHOUXIANYAOCONGJICENGKAISHI,YINDAOJIAOZHIYUANGONGCONGLINIANSHANGJINXINGBIANGE。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUXUEXIAOGAIBIANGUANLISIWEIDINGSHI,CONG“XIANGXIAGUANLI”ZHUANBIANWEI“XIANGSHANGGUANLI”“DUISHANGFUZE”ZHUANBIANWEI“DUIXIAFUZE”,YINGZAOJUYOUTESEDEGUANLIWENHUA,CHONGFENWAJUEHEDIAODONGQUANXIAOJIAOZHIGONGDEZHUDONGXINGHEJIJIXINGCANYU“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHE,CAINENGZHENZHENGSHIXIANYUQIMUBIAO。

管理体制变革

XUEXIAODEZHONGXINGONGZUOSHIJIAOXUEGONGZUO,DUIYUJIAOXUEGONGZUODELUOJIAODIANHETISHENGJIAOXUEZHILIANGDEGUANJIANDIAN,“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUTICHULEXIANGYINGDECUOSHI。“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHEDEJICHUSHIGOUJIANGAOZHIYUANXIAONEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXI,HEXINMUBIAORENWUSHIYIZHENDUANYUGAIJINWEISHOUDUAN,CUSHIGAOZHIYUANXIAOZAIXUEXIAO、ZHUANYE、KECHENG、JIAOSHI、XUESHENGDENGBUTONGCENGMIANJIANLIQIWANZHENGQIEXIANGDUIDULIDEZIWOZHILIANGBAOZHENGJIZHI,QIANGHUAXUEXIAOGECENGJIGUANLIXITONGJIANDEZHILIANGYICUNGUANXI,XINGCHENGQUANYAOSUWANGLUOHUADENEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXI。NEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIDEJIBENKUANGJIASHIGOUJIANJUECEZHIHUI、ZHILIANGSHENGCHENG、ZIYUANJIANSHE、ZHICHIFUWU、JIANDUKONGZHIWUGEZONGXIANGZHILIANGBAOZHENGXITONG,BAXUEXIAODEFAZHANMUBIAO、ZHILIANGMUBIAO、ZHILIANGBIAOZHUNCENGCENGLUOSHIDAOXUEXIAO、ZHUANYE、KECHENG、JIAOSHI、XUESHENGWUGEHENGXIANGCENGMIANDEZHILIANGBAOZHENGZHUTIZEREN。TONGSHI,“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUYEMINGQUEZHICHULEJIAOXUEZHONGXINGONGZUODELUOJIAODIANHEJIAOXUEZHILIANGGUANJIANYAOSUJIUSHIZHUANYE、KECHENG、JIAOSHI、XUESHENG,XUEXIAOCONGSHANGDAOXIAGEXIANGGONGZUO、GELEIZIYUANDEPEIZHIDOUYAOWEIRAOZHUANYE、KECHENG、JIAOSHI、XUESHENGSIGEZHELIDIANZHANKAI。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUXUEXIAOCONGZHIDUCENGMIANWEIRAOZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIJIANSHEYAOQIU,ANZHAO“XIANGXIAFUZE,XIANGSHANGGUANLI”DEGUANLISIWEIFANGSHI,YIZHUANYE、KECHENG、JIAOSHI、XUESHENGWEIHEXIN,DUIXUEXIAODEGUANLITIZHIHEYUNXINGJIZHIJINXINGDINGCENGSHEJI,GENJUFAZHANMUBIAO、ZHILIANGMUBIAO、ZHILIANGBIAOZHUNDUIGONGZUOZHIZEHEGONGZUOLIUCHENGJINXINGZAIZAO,ZHONGDIANCONGGONGZUOLIUCHENG、MUBIAOBIAOZHUN、ZUZHISHISHI、JIANDUDIAOKONG、KAOHEJILIDENGWUGEFANGMIANCUJINNEIBUGUANLIXINGTAIDEZHUANBIAN。“BIANGEGUANLIBINGSHAN”LILUNRENWEI,BIANGEGUANLIZHANLVEYOULIANGZHONG: YISHIGEMINGXINGDE、CHEDIDEBIANGE,RUGONGZUOLIUCHENGZHONGZU;ERSHIJIANJINSHIDE、DIZENGDEBIANGE,RUGONGZUOCHIXUGAIJIN。YOUCIKEJIAN,GAOZHIYUANXIAONEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIJIANSHEYAOQIUZHIYEYUANXIAODUINEIBUGUANLITIZHIJINXINGGEMINGXINGDE、CHEDIDEBIANGE。

管理手段变革

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DANGQIAN,SHEHUIFAZHANYIJINGJINRUDASHUJUSHIDAI。ZAIWEIKETUO·MAIER-SHEENBOGEJIKENNISI·KUKEYEBIANXIEDE《DASHUJUSHIDAI》KAIPIANYINYANZHONGDUIDASHUJUSHIDAIJINXINGLEMIAOSHU,“YICHANGSHENGHUO、GONGZUOYUSIWEIDEDABIANGE。DASHUJUKAIQILEYICIZHONGDADESHIDAIZHUANXING。JIUXIANGWANGYUANJINGRANGdsSHIXUNNENGGOUGANSHOUYUZHOU,XIANWEIJINGRANGdsSHIXUNNENGGOUGUANCEWEISHENGWUYIYANG,DASHUJUZHENGZAIGAIBIANdsSHIXUNDESHENGHUOYIJILIJIESHIJIEDEFANGSHI,CHENGWEIXINFAMINGHEXINFUWUDEYUANQUAN,ERGENGDUODEGAIBIANZHENGXUSHIDAIFA……”DASHUJUJISHUDEZHANLVEYIYIBUZAIYUZHANGWOPANGDADESHUJUXINXI,ERZAIYUDUIZHEIXIEHANYOUYIYIDESHUJUJINXINGZHUANYEHUACHULI,TONGGUO“JIAGONG”SHIXIANSHUJUDE“ZENGZHI”。DASHUJUSHIDAIXIADEGUANLIYIJINGJINRUSHUJUHUAGUANLISHIDAI,SHUJUHUAGUANLIJIANGCHENGWEIXUEXIAOZAISHISHIJINGXIHUAGUANLI、ZHILIANGTIXIRENZHENG、JIXIAOGUANLIDENGXIANJINDEGUANLIFANGSHIWEIJICHUDEYIZHONGQUANXINDEGUANLIFANGFAHESHOUDUAN,SHIXUEYUANGUANLIJUECEYIJUGENGJIAKEXUE、JINGZHUN、YOUXIAO。“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHEQIANGDIAODESHIJIANLIJIYUGAOZHIYUANXIAORENCAIPEIYANGGONGZUOZHUANGTAISHUJUDEZIZHU“ZHENGAI”JIZHI,YITUOXIANDAIXINXIHUAJISHUSHOUDUAN,GOUJIANXINXIHUAPINGTAI,SHIXIANSHUJUGONGXIANG、YUANTOUCAIJI、SHISHICAIJI。ZAISHUJUFENXIDEJICHUSHANG,ANZHAO“PDCAZHILIANGXUNHUAN”,TUIJINGUANLIZHILIANGLUOXUANTISHENG,ZHUBUJIANLI“RANGSHUJUSHUOHUA、YONGSHUJUJUECE、KAOSHUJUGUANLI”DESHUJUHUAGUANLIJIZHI。YINCI,SHUJUHUAGUANLIJIANGCHENGWEIGAOZHIYUANXIAOZAI“ZHENGAI”ZHIDUJIANSHEZHONGDEZHUYAOGUANLISHOUDUANHEFANGFA。

参考文献

[1]JIAOYUBUBANGONGTING.JIAOYUBUBANGONGTINGGUANYUJIANLIZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOXUEGONGZUOZHENDUANYUGAIJINZHIDUDETONGZHI[Z].2015.

ds视讯[2]JIAOYUBUZHIYEJIAOYUYUCHENGRENJIAOYUSI.GAODENGZHIYEYUANXIAONEIBUZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIZHENDUANYUGAIJINZHIDAOFANGAN(SHIXING)[Z].2015.

[3]YANGYINGSONG.ZHENGAI,BUSHIJIAJIXUEXIAODE“JINGUZHOU”[N].ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO,2016.

ds视讯[4]Krüger,Bach(Hrsg.),ExcellenceinChange,WegezurstrategischenErneuerung,2014,Buch,Fachbuch,978-3-8349-4716-1,portofrei

[5]LUOSAINA·BODESIJI(RosanneBadowski).ZHICHENG: ZUOFUSHOUDEZHIHUI[M].BEIJING: JIXIEGONGYECHUBANSHE,2011.

ds视讯ZUOZHE: YAOYUANYE,XIZIBOZHIYEXUEYUANZHILIANGKONGZHIHEJIXIAOKAOHEBANGONGSHIZHUREN

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